Press release Bonn 12 June 2009

For immediate release

Bonn, 12 June 2009.

Blame Game Begins

Rich countries are launching a blame game to avoid their obligations and undermine the UN climate negotiations, according to members of the Climate Justice Now! coalition of civil society organisations. Their assessment comes at the end of the UN climate talks in Bonn, Germany.

“It looks like the US has a deliberate strategy to leave the UN talks stalled in arguments over brackets and commas, while it seeks to isolate China from the rest of the global South” said Meena Raman of Friends of the Earth International. “The Major Economies Forum is another example of how the industrialised countries are shifting the discussion in order to sidestep the more ambitious demands made by developing countries.”

The US has so far offered no reduction in its emissions compared to 1990 levels, while Japan announced a target that is just 8 per cent below 1990 levels. Such targets fall a long way short of the action needed to tackle dangerous climate change, and are further undermined by the use of carbon offsets which allow industrialised countries to avoid reducing their domestic greenhouse gas emissions.

“The industrialised countries portray the developing world as potential deal breakers, but the real roadblock remains their failure to address their historical or current responsibility for climate change on anything like the scale needed” says Chee Yoke Ling of Third World Network. “In fact, the Annex 1 countries are systematically trying to dismantle the Convention and wind back their Kyoto commitments.¨

“We find that the illiterates of our century are not those who cannot read or write but those who do not want to learn, un-learn and re-learn. And the champion of them all is Prime Minister Aso of Japan who cannot even read the science,¨ says Habtemariam Abate of the Pan African Climate Justice Alliance. “ Colonising the remaining atmospheric space is no basis for a just deal.”

In stark contrast developing countries tabled a number of positive proposals. The Alliance of Small Island States called on developed countries to commit to higher greenhouse gas reduction targets so that global temperature rise stays below 1.5ºC. Bolivia demanded repayment of the developed world’s climate debt. El Salvador and Paraguay were strong advocates for the protection of Indigenous Peoples´ rights.

Climate Justice Now! is an international alliance of over 200 organisations and movements.

Further information

Chee Yoke Ling, Third World Network, +49 1520 6326564

U.N. URGENT: End Deforestation, Conserve World's Forests

Countdown for Survival: Global groups make an urgent call to end deforestation and conserve the world’s forests during UN Climate Talks

Bonn, Germany – A coalition of youth, environmental groups, NGOs, Indigenous Peoples organizations and women’s groups delivered a plea to negotiators asking them to ensure a strong climate deal and warning them that they will put our survival at risk if they do not act immediately to halt deforestation and the industrial logging of the world’s primary forests (forest degradation). [Signatories and statement below in NOTE 1]

“Survival is not negotiable. The climate deal signed in Copenhagen needs to ensure the survival of all countries and people. The immediate protection of the world’s forests is no longer just an option, it is essential to ensure a safe climate for us and our kids,” stated youth spokesperson Gemma Tillack.

The coalitions’ plea asks delegates to ensure that any climate deal:

–Immediately ends deforestation, industrial scale logging in primary

forests and the conversion of forests to monoculture tree crops, plantations;

–Protects the world’s biodiverse forests including primary forests in

developed countries (e.g. Australia, Canada and Russia) and tropical forests in developing countries;

–Respects the rights of women, Indigenous peoples and local communities and allow them to lead healthy and sustainable lives whilst stopping deforestation and industrial logging of primary forests in their country; and

–Does not allow developed countries to use forest protection and the avoiding deforestation and industrial scale logging of primary forests in other countries as an offset mechanism for their own emissions.

“The forest is our life, without the forests we would not exist. Avoiding deforestation and stopping industrial logging will allow Indigenous peoples to live and will secure our future,” said Adolphine Muley, of the Union pour l’Emancipation de la Femme Autochtone in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

“We need to ensure that climate change mitigation plans do not drive the establishment of monoculture tree plantations. The rapid ongoing direct and indirect replacement of forests by plantations is a significant cause of social and environmental harm and contributes significantly to climate change,” said Diego Cardona from Friends of the Earth -Colombia and the Global Forest Coalition.

“The definition of forests in the climate change negotiations includes monoculture tree plantations thus allowing their promotion disguised as forests in market-based mechanisms that could be used in REDD. All countries need to accept and adopt a forest definition in the climate deal that clearly distinguishes forests from monoculture tree plantations,” said Raquel Nunez from the World Rainforest Movement.

“A commitment to protect biodiversity and halt deforestation in primary forests would send a positive signal to the global community that we are on the right path towards avoiding a climate disaster,” said Joao Talocchi from Greenpeace Brazil.

“Developed countries like Australia, Canada and Russia need to stop undermining the climate negotiations. They should stop industrial logging and woodchipping of their biodiverse forests, permanently protect their own carbon reservoirs and start accounting for their emissions from forestry activities. Only then can they ask developing countries to protect their forests,” said Claire Spoors from Global Witness.

Ms. Tillack concluded saying, “We need to act now to secure a safe climate and peak our emissions by 2015. Every day of delay results in the release of huge amounts of dangerous carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. We can not wait to take these first steps to ensuring our survival.”

Contact:

Gemma Tillack: The Wilderness Society and youth caucus +61 427 057 643

Claire Spoors: Global Witness +49 1763 546 3586

Joao Talocchi: Greenpeace Brazil  +55 11 8351 0169

Full text of plea

Halt Climate Change —- Halt Forest destruction —- Halt Plantations

The undersigned broad coalition of NGOs, Indigenous Peoples’ Organizations and women’s groups call upon the Parties to the FCCC to take into account the critical role of forest conservation in climate change mitigation. The protection of forest biodiversity is vital for life on earth. Native forest ecosystems  provide us with clean air, clean water, a safe climate, food, fodder and shelter and they are an important part of our global and cultural identity. Forests provide aesthetic and intrinsic values. Indigenous Peoples and traditional local communities of the forests are the guardians and original conservationists  of the forest. They maintain a food sustenance and socio-cultural relationship to the forests based on their cosmovision.

For that reason, we call upon Parties to:

– Immediately put in place rights-based and equitable policies and institutions to halt deforestation and forest degradation and the destruction of other natural ecosystems like peatlands and grasslands in all continents

– Identify and address the direct and underlying causes of deforestation and forest degradation;

– Ensure that these policies and measures uphold international human rights and environmental standards and are  fully consistent with the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. This includes the effective adoption and implementation by all Parties and all UN agencies and multilateral banks of the Right to Free Prior and Informed Consent of Indigenous Peoples and local forest dependent communities;

– Ensure that these policies take into account the specific role, rights and interests of women and are fully consistent with Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women;

– Ensure that these policies are fully consistent with the Convention on Biodiversity and its Expanded Program of Work on Forest Biodiversity and contribute meaningfully to conserving and enhancing biodiversity and related cultural diversity, traditional knowledge and spirituality;

– Explicitly exclude the establishment and management of monoculture tree plantations, including genetically modified tree plantations, and the practice of industrial logging from these policies. This also implies adopting a forest definition that clearly distinguishes forests from monoculture tree plantations;

– Ensure any policies intended to reduce deforestation and forest degradation include measures to reduce consumption of forest products, especially in the Industrialized North;

– Ensure these policies secure the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits of forests and other ecosystems, both between countries and within countries, taking into account the critical role of Indigenous Peoples, local communities and women in conserving and restoring forests and other ecosystems. This also implies recognizing the customary and collective land tenure and forest rights of Indigenous Peoples and ensuring the full and effective participation of Indigenous Peoples, local communities and women in all decision-making processes related to forests;

We call upon developed countries to recognize the historical debt to developing countries caused by their excessive greenhouse gas emissions. This implies immediate and drastic cuts in their domestic greenhouse gas emissions (45% by 2020/ 95% by 2050 as an absolute minimum) AS WELL AS providing sufficient financial and technological support to enable developing countries to halt the destruction of forests and other ecosystems. It is too late for either/or policies. Any form of carbon offsetting, including CDM afforestation/reforestation and REDD offset projects will only increase the ecological footprint and carbon debt of developed countries and must thus be avoided. (Due to a broad range of ethical, social and methodological risks, forest-based carbon offsets will undermine an effective, equitable and socially just climate regime.) Climate change mitigation and sustainable forest management must be based on different mindsets with full respect for Nature, and not on carbon offset mechanisms. Public funding mechanisms that ensure environmental integrity and equitable distribution of funds must be made established.

NOTE:

[1] The coalition of youth, environmental groups, NGOs, Indigenous peoples’ Organizations, women’s groups who have signed this survival plea include:

International Youth caucus in Bonn

Ecosystems Climate Alliance

Global Forest Coalition

The Wilderness Society

World Rainforest Movement

Global Witness

Greenpeace

Rainforest Action Network

Wetlands International

Rainforest Foundation Norway

Rainforest Foundation UK

FERN

Friends of the Earth

Sobrevivencia/FoE-Paraguay

Indigenous Environmental Network

Global Justice Ecology Project

CORE India

Life gender, Environment and Diversity Germany

Sustainable Population Australia

Tanzania Forest Conservation Group

the Tanzania Community Forest Conservation Network MJUMITA

Stop GE Tree Campaign

RAVA Institute Indonesia

SWBC Nepal

Timberwatch Coalition South Africa

Pacific Indigenous Peoples Environment Coalition

Friends of the Siberian Forests Russia

Focus on the Global South

Women´s Environment Network Australia

Biofuelwatch

Women Environmental Programme Nigeria

Just Environment

COECO-CEIBA-Friends of the Earth Costa Rica

WALHI-Friends of the Earth-Indonesia

Down to Earth

Carbon Trade Watch

Women’s Environment and Development Organization

Watch Indonesia

Asociacion ANDES Peru

Ecologistas en Accion Spain

Sustainable Energy and Economy Network

North East Peoples Alliance on Trade, Finance and Development India

WISE Inc. Philippines

GenderCC

FASE Solidarity and Education Brazil

Global Exchange

Kingdom Narintarakul Thai Working group for Climate Justice

Union pour l’Emancipation de la Femme Autochtone

Notes of CJN! Conference call 14 May 2009

Highlights and key questions for responses from network:

  1. We still need to have a discussion on processes re decisions on funding, interventions, messaging.
  2. Can any of the groups who offered to help with a less expensive website take the lead to set up a website, with the support of a small working group? This needs to be done very soon, with a clear deadline.
  3. Is there any objection to a small working group repairing a funding proposal to cover the basic infrastucture and shared resources of the network, such as website, conference calls, translation and publications?

NEXT CALL PROPOSED: 17 JUNE

On call

Adam Wolfenden, Cape Town, SA              AFTINET

Daphne Wysham, Washington DC, US         Institute for Policy Studies

Dorothy McDougall, Canada                         Kairos, Canada

Fabrina Furtado, Buenos Aires, Argentina         Jubilee South

Helena Paul, UK                                EcoNexus

Janet Redman, Washington DC, US                 Institute for Policy Studies

Joe Zacune, Cape Town, SA                       Friends of the Earth International

Kevin Smith, London, UK                    Carbon Trade Watch

Michael Dorsey,                                  USA

Moomin                                           Amsterdam

Nicola Bullard, Cape Town, SA              Focus on the Global South

Payal Parekh, San Francisco, US              International Rivers

Phil Thornhill, London, UK                    Global Climate Campaign

Rachel Smolker, USA                              Energy Justice Network, US

Reede Stockton, San Francisco, US              Global Exchange

Ronnie Hall, Cape Town, SA                       Global Forest Coalition

Tim Jones, London, UK                    WDM

Tristen Taylor, Cape Town, SA              EarthLife Africa

Tom Golgtooth, US                                Indigenous Environment Network

Tom Kucharz, Cape Town, SA              Ecologistas en accion

Victor Menotti                                           International Forum on Globalisation

Confirmed but unable to join for various reasons:

Ana Filipini, Montevideo, Uruguay               WRM

Antonio Tricarico, Rome, Italy          Campaign to Reform the World Bank

Christophe Aguiton, Paris, France                 ATTAC France

Eliot Whittington, London, UK              Christian Aid

Jason Nardi, Rome, Italy                   Social Watch

Lidy Nacpil, Manila, Philippines            Jubilee South

Osver Polo, Lima, Peru                    GCAP Peru

Wael Hmaidan, Beirut, Lebanon               IndyAct

Apologies

Chris Lang, REDD Monitor, Germany

Patrick Bond, CCS Durban, South Africa

Bente Hessellund Andersen, NOAH, Denmark

CJN CONFERENCE CALL SUMMARY AND ACTION POINTS

Report back from Bonn 1, (29 March – 8 April) from Janet. Main focus on targets, timetable and finance. Also what will be in the CDM. In the REDD discussions, some governments mentioned Indigenous Peoples, but even this can be seen as an achievement.

Preparation for Bonn 2 (1 –12 June). Same issues likely to be key.

Payel will be in Bonn. She is coordinating the CAN CDM working group and trying to push their position as far as possible. It seems that only a few groups are in favour of REDD being discussed in LULUCF and most are against. It might be worth using this as a way of driving a wedge between those who support market-based solutions and those who don’t, and exposing the market solutions. It would also be a way to raise a discussion about offsets in CAN.

Joe will be in Bonn. There will be a large youth contingent and would like to approach certain CJN folk to meet with them. There will be a FOEI/ GFC REDD side event: “REDD traps” on 3 June, evening. Possible actions? Identify common media targets? e.g. World Bank, REDD: forests out of carbon markets, stop plantations, counter spin on China and India being held responsible. Bolivian proposals useful.

Other comments:

Coordination on the ground? Janet will help with coordination and we are negotiating with the UN secretariat to have a regular meeting space for 9-10am daily.

Have some messages on vision, not all just anti.

Connecting up / supporting governments like Bolivia? Meet with Bolivian delegation? Fabrina will see whether it will be possible to meet with the Bolivian delegation.

Key to have close coordination with indigenous networks.

Other reports:

IFG meeting report back from Nicola and Victor. Janet and Anne Peterman were there.  Many issues were discussed and there are still clear divisions between some CAN positions and climate justice positions, however there was a clear interest from the North groups to push for equitable international financing mechanisms.

Anchorage Indigenous Peoples Global Summit on Climate Change report back by Tom Goldtooth. The Indigenous summit was very historical and brought near 400 indigenous peoples together from throughout the world. Respecting the diversity of cultures and different approaches for economic development, there was a consensus document that came out of the summit. A strong piece of the declaration was a call for emission target reductions by annex 1 countries of at least 45% reduction by 2020 (1990 levels) and 95% by 2050. The declaration also made statements against false solutions, i.e. agrofuels, nuclear energy, clean coal, including carbon trading and offsets, etc. (The declaration was circulated n the CJN list, and can also be found at http://www.indigenoussummit.com/servlet/content/declaration.html). Tom reported there was concern from many indigenous peoples at the summit of the heavy presence of World Bank, the UNREDD agency and NGO’s pushing REDD initiatives at the summit. The declaration reaffirmed the demand that the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples be fully implemented by the UNFCCC and all other global and national negotiations on climate change policy, including REDD. Tom reported there will be a strong presence of indigenous peoples at Copenhagen.

Climate camp report back from Kevin. Lot of legal stuff still underway as a result following the G20 climate camp. There will be a week long camp towards end of summer in the region of London. Would it be possible to have some input from CJN? Lot of local activity in UK. Moomin gave an update on the Global climate camp-activities in Amsterdam.

Future of CJN.

Website. Cost concerns, so how to move ahead? Tom – re premade websites and webhosting in Spain cheap about 70 euros per year. Janet – upkeep? Can get funding for both if groups happy with this. Need to move quickly. Michael – can’t really rely on volunteers to do this in the long run would be better to hire someone. General discussion about whether others comfortable with this idea. Put out another plea for proposals, with a deadline. Also re comfort levels re funding. Nicola – add questions to notes from the call, so it’s collective. SEE ABOVE

Funding proposals. Need? Process? Coalition of groups to take forward?

Payel – funding for South participants to inter-sessionals to match CAN. The reaction from several peoples was that it is very difficult deciding who to send, and there are simpler things to spend money on, that can benefit the whole network, such as website, publications, translation, conference calls. Victor – raised the question of logistics and whether we need a coordinator on the ground. Daphne – cover share of peoples’ time around the world? Tom – also not to supplant other existing networks, support other networks, synergies. These networks have people, how to add value. Young moment in network, perhaps not good to overload with infrastructures that already exist elsewhere. Janet – possible conclusion is for organisations to channel funds to southern participants, not formally as CJN, focus on reserving funds for shared practical resources eg website. Nicola – send this as a proposal in the notes from this meeting. SEE ABOVE

We still need to have a discussion on processes re decisions on funding, interventions, messaging.

Rachel, website that allows people to interact could be useful way of moving this forward.

Payel – still a missed opportunity to raise funds for people to come. Compromise – some of the other existing networks – share possibilities on leads to those networks.

Next call – after Bonn – 17th June

Climate Justice Assembly Declaration

Bélém, Brazil, 1 February 2009

CLIMATE JUSTICE NOW!

No to neoliberal illusions, yes to people’s solutions!

For centuries, productivism and industrial capitalism have been destroying our cultures, exploiting our labour and poisoning our environment.

Now, with the climate crisis, the Earth is saying “enough”, “ya basta”!

Once again, the people who created the problem are telling us that they also have the solutions: carbon trading, so-called “clean coal”, more nuclear power , agrofuels, even a “green new deal”. But these are not real solutions, they are neoliberal illusions. It is time to move beyond these illusions.

Real solutions to the climate crisis are being built by those who have always protected the Earth and by those who fight every day to defend their environment and living conditions. We need to globalise these solutions.

For us, the struggles for climate justice and social justice are one and the same. It is the struggle for territories, land, forests and water, for agrarian and urban reform, food and energy sovereignty, for women’s and worker’s rights. It is the fight for equality and justice for indigenous peoples, for peoples of the global South, for the redistribution of wealth and for the recognition of the historical ecological debt owed by the North.

Against the disembodied, market-driven interests of the global elite and the dominant development model based on never-ending growth and consumption, the climate justice movement will reclaim the commons, and put social and economic realities at the heart of our struggle against climate change.

We call on everyone – workers, farmers, fisherfolk, students, youth, women, indigenous peoples, and all concerned humans from the South and the North – to join in this common struggle to build the real solutions to the climate crisis for the future of our planet, our societies, and our cultures. All together, we are building a movement for climate justice.

We support the mobilizations against the G20 summit and on the global crisis from 28 March to 4 April, and the 17 April 2009 mobilisation of La Via Campesina.

We support the call for an International Day of Action in Defense of Mother Earth and Indigenous Rights on 12 October 2009.

We call for mobilisations and diverse forms of actions everywhere, in the lead up to, during and beyond the UN climate talks in Copenhagen, especially on the Global Day of Action on 12 December 2009.

In all of our work, we will expose the false solutions, raise the voices of the South, defend human rights, and strengthen our solidarity in the fight for climate justice. If we make the right choices, we can build a better world for everyone.

Declaração da Assembléia por Justiça Climática

Bélém, Brasil, 1º de fevereiro de 2009

JUSTICIA CLIMATICA JÁ!

Não às ilusões neoliberais, Sim às soluções dos povos!

Por séculos, o produtivismo e o capitalismo industrial vêm destruindo nossas culturas, explorando nossa mão de obra e envenenando nosso meio  ambiente.

Agora, com a crise climática, a Terra está dando um basta!

Mais uma vez, as pessoas que criaram o problema nos dizem que também  tem as soluções: o comércio de emissões de CO2, o chamado “carbono  limpo”, mais energia nuclear, agrocombustíveis, incluindo um “novo  pacto verde”. Mas estas não são soluções reais, mais sim ilusões  neoliberais. É hora de nos movermos para além destas ilusões.

Soluções reais para a crise climática vêm sendo construídas por aqueles/as que sempre protegeram a Terra e que lutam diariamente para  defender o meio ambiente e suas condições de vida. Temos que  globalizar estas soluções.

Para nós, as lutas por justiça climática e por justiça social são uma só. São lutas pelo território, pela terra, bosques, água, pela reforma agrária e urbana, pela soberania alimentar e energética, assim como pelos direitos das mulheres e dos/as trabalhadores/as. As lutas por igualdade e por justiça aos povos indígenas, aos povos do Sul, as lutas por distribuição de riqueza e pelo reconhecimento da dívida ecológica e histórica dos países do Norte.

Frente aos interesses desumanos e impulsionados pelo mercado da elite  global e do modelo dominante de desenvolvimento baseado no crescimento  e consumo intermináveis, o movimento por justiça climática clamará  pelos bens comuns e colocará as realidades sociais e econômicas no  coração de nossa luta contra as mudanças climáticas.

Chamamos a todas e todos, trabalhadores, camponeses, pescadores, estudantes, jovens, mulheres, povos indígenas, assim como toda a humanidade conscientizada do Sul e do Norte a se unirem a esta luta  comum para construir soluções reais à crise climática, pelo futuro do  nosso planeta, nossas sociedades e nossas culturas. Estamos construindo juntos um movimento pela justiça climática.

Apoiamos as mobilizações contra a Cúpula do G20 e sobre a crise global  que ocorrerá de 28 de março à 4 de abril, e a mobilização da Via  Campesina dia 17 de abril.

Apoiamos o chamado para o Dia de Ação Internacional em Defesa da Mãe Terra e dos Direitos dos Povos Indígenas, no dia 12 de outubro.

Convidamos a todos e todas a nos mobilizar e organizar ações diversas em todas as partes do mundo, em preparação até, durante e depois da Conferência sobre Mudanças Climáticas da ONU, em Copenhague,  especialmente durante o Dia de Ação Global no dia 12 de dezembro de  2009.

Em todo nosso trabalho, vamos desmascarar as falsas soluções, levantaremos as vozes do Sul, defenderemos os Direitos Humaos e fortaleceremos nossa solidariedade na luta pela justiça climática. Se tomarmos decisões acertadas, poderemos construir um mundo melhor para  todas e todos.

Dichiarazione dell'Assemblea per la Giustizia Climatica

Bélém, Brasile, 1 Febbraio 2009

Giustizia Climatica Adesso!

No alle illusioni neoliberiste, si alle soluzione della gente!

Per secoli, il produttivismo e il capitalismo industriale hanno distrutto le nostre culture, sfruttando il nostro lavoro e avvelenando in nostro ambiente.

Ora, con la crisi climatica, la Terra dice “basta”!

Ancora una volta, chi ha creato il problema ci dice che è in possesso della soluzione: commercio del carbonio, il cosiddetto “carbone pulito”, energia nucleare, agrocarburanti, e addirittura un new deal verde. Ma queste non sono reali soluzione, ma solamente illusioni neoliberiste. è il momento di lasciar perdere queste illusioni.

Soluzioni reali della crisi climatica sono costruite da coloro che hanno sempre protetto la Terra e da coloro che combattono ogni giorno per difendere l’ambiente e le loro condizioni di vita. Dobbiamo globalizzare queste soluzioni.

Per noi, la lotta per la giustizia climatica e quella giustizia sociale sono indivisibili. Sono la lotta per le terre, el foreste, l’acqua, le riforme agraria e urbana, per la sovranità alimentare ed energetica, per i diritti delle donne e dei lavoratori. Sono la lotta

per l’uguaglianza e la giustizia per le popolazioni indigene, per le popolazioni del Sud Globale, per la redistribuzione della ricchezza e per il riconoscimento del debito ecologico dovuto dai paesi industrializzati del Nord.

Contro gli interessi astratti e di mercato dell’élite globale e il modello di sviluppo dominante basato sulla crescita senza fine e sul consumo, il movimento per la giustizia climatica vuole reclamare I “commons”, e mettere le realtà sociali ed economiche al centro della nostra lotta contro i cambiamenti climatici.

Chiamiamo tutti – lavoratori, agricoltori, pescatori, studenti, gioventù, donne, popolazioni indigene e ogni altro essere umano nel Sud come nel Nord – ad unirsi a questo lotta comune per costruire soluzioni reali alla crisi climatica, per il futuro del nostro pianeta, delle nostre società, e delle nostre culture. Insieme, stiamo costruendo un movimento per la giustizia climatica.

Noi sosteniamo la mobilitazione contro il G20 sulla crisi globale dal 28 Marzo al 4 Aprile, e la mobilitazione del 17 Aprile della Via Campesina.

Sosteniamo la chiamata per una Giornata Internazionale d’Azione in Difesa della Madre Terra e dei Diritti Indigeni, prevista per il 12 Ottobre 2009

Invitiamo a mobilitazioni e diverse forme di azioni dovunque, prima e durante la Conferenza sul Clima delle Nazioni Unite a Copenaghen, e specialmente nella Giornata Globale di Azione prevista per il 12 Dicembre 2009

In tutto il nostro lavoro, mostreremo le false soluzioni per quello che sono, e alzeremo le voci del Sud, difenderemo i diritti umani e rafforzeremo la nostra solidarietà nella lotta per la giustizia climatica. Se facciamo le scelte giuste, possiamo costruire un mondo migliore per tutti.

Belem, 1 February 2009

WSF strategy discussion report

Climate Justice Convergences and Strategies

31 January 2009, 1500-1800

World Social Forum (WSF) – Belém, Brasil

Attendees: (see list at end)

Facilitated by: Nicola Bullard

Minutes: Tamra Gilbertson

Note: The meeting was filmed by James George from Action 2030 Institute/envirobeat.com. The introductions were filmed by El Globo television for a programme about the WSF.

Agenda:

Intros

Report-back from other meetings/activities

Statement for Assemblies

Future – larger vision

Reports from meeting before and during the WSF

Maureen Santos from FASE on all day Climate Justice (CJ) meeting, 29 January 2009

  • Many local communities have alternatives already from social, political and cultural perspectives but they are invisible.
  • Food sovereignty, energy sovereignty should be a human right
  • There needs to be increase and decentralization of energy, transportation matrixes rebuilt and reconstructed
  • Society needs to be made less dependent on fossil fuels
  • Employment and labour need to be reconstructed
  • A change in a way that people view environment which includes more of an Indigenous cosmic vision
  • Increase direct action giving visibility to movements
  • Need to deepen a critique on climate justice and social and environmental issues
  • Agroecology needs to be deepened as a part of the debate especially the work women are doing in rural areas around farming and reproduction

Stine Gry reported from the Copenhagen strategy meeting, 30 January 2009

  • A lot of discussion around ‘bad deal or no deal’ debate
  • Need for a wider, more global, discussion which includes more radical voices from the South

Gregorio Malavolti, ARCI, Italy

There will be a big alternative fair in Florence, 29-31 May, and he proposed that the climate justice networks could meet at that time.

Alessandra Strickner, Global Crisis, cross-network meeting, 30 January 2009

  • Meeting of cross-linking issues around water, labour, trade, food, climate and so on
  • Sharing a report on alternatives and also strategies for the future
    • Convergence in challenging current economic system, moving towards local economies and reclaiming commons
    • There is a plan to create a document to work out what kinds of alternatives are wanted
      • 1st draft will be with networks with an aim for a feedback process

Fabrina Furtado, Jubilee South meetings

  • Working on ecological debt and debt in general with the World Council of Churches and Southern Peoples Ecological Debt Creditors Alliance.
    • Plan for a Tribunal on Ecological Debt in Latin America organized by the campaign
    • Include deeper work on global finance
      • World Bank out of anything relating to climate finance
      • Plan for assembly in Colombia in March looking at climate finance from the Inter-American Development Bank
    • Week of global action against International Financial Institutions (IFIs) and Debt
      • Including ecological debt and other movements

Anne Petterman, Global Justice Ecology Project, Dialogue between Indigenous Peoples Organisations (IPOs), Climate Justice and Social Movements meeting, 31 Jan

  • Importance of addressing rights of IPOs and land rights
  • Proposals:
    • Oct. 12 – International Day of Action (Columbus Day in the US)
      • Condemnation of corporate dominance and affirmation of Ingenious World view
        • Acting as a step to clarify ways that Indigenous are so important within climate justice issues
    • Friends of the Earth (FOE) plans a time capsule for Copenhagen with messages from around the world
    • Tribunal on climate crimes for Copenhagen on carbon market crimes with a focus on ‘victims of climate change’.

Osver Polo Carrasco, GCAP, Peru – Global Call to Action Against Poverty (GCAP) meeting

  • Group is thinking about more than just Copenhagen
  • Plan to put pressure on local Ministers in Peru before Copenhagen
    • Call for others to start putting pressure on local Government
    • Call for northern groups to make southern voices more heard
    • Support the idea for a tribunal and bring cases to trial
    • Double work – educate and mobilize

Danilo Rueda, Justice and Peace Commission, Colombia

Proposal to link struggles against the different crises in a Tribunal.

Tom Kucharz, Ecologistas en accion, Spain

  • Our World Is Not For Sale (OWINS) Programme of activities includes working on Free Trade Agreements and Trans-National Corporations and will link World Trade Organisation (WTO) and CJ issues there.
  • La Via Campesina made 17 point call – Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) on the agenda
  • Enlanzando Alternativas had two Tribunals in Lima and Vienna

Graciela Rodriguez, International Gender and Trade Network

  • Include issues of trade and transportation into WTO issues

Soumya Dutta, Bharat Ian Vigyan Iatha, India

  • Indigenous peoples organisations (IPOs) and others have expressed that ‘new deal’ and Copenhagen should not dictate agendas or timeframe

Asbjorn Wahl, Campaign to Defend the Welfare State, Norway

  • Labour perspective missing so far
  • Climate change policy is mainly a social and political question: re-envisioning wealth distribution is important in climate change policy
  • Climate change policy could make a better world for everyone
  • Copenhagen is symbolic unless there is local pressure

Janet Redman, Institute for Policy Studies, US

  • The importance of rejecting market-based solutions came up in several meetings

Transition of Meeting – what to do next (in the meeting)

Orin Langelle– If we are talking about a short statement then can we concentrate on key points with mutual respect?

Christophe Aguiton – We have to focus agenda towards Copenhagen but unity on climate issues in all of our struggles.

Tadzio Mueller – Statement should reflect a focus on crisis and green capitalism including solutions based on a capital growth model

Nicola Bullard – Stressed the importance on how we frame a short statement

Aksel Naerstad – Draft based on discussion here and people can go off and draft something

*Group agreement that drafters will work off of papers on the wall based on the previous and following discussion*

Copenhagen and Beyond Discussion – Statement Discussion

Agreements from the group on the following limits:

  • No discussion on whether the Conference of the Parties (COP) is a legitimate body or not; against or for the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
  • No discussions on ‘good deal vs. no deal’
  • No discussions on mobilise or not mobilize, or how to mobilize
  • We will call for alternatives like climate justice

Aksel Naerstad, Development Fund, Norway

  • Job struggle should be included – link to labour unions and working class
  • We should be clear that Copenhagen will never hold solutions or be sufficient to address climate justice
  • We should be against any kind of carbon trading
  • Fight for real changes in society

Sarah Spinney, Christian Aid

Call for ‘positive’ solutions to help mobilize people as well

Anne Petterman, US, Global Justice Ecology Project

  • This process is not just about Copenhagen but about building a climate justice movement
  • There are groups out there mobilizing for climate action and not climate justice and these are two different things

Stine Gry, Copenhagnen

  • Proposal for 5-10 sentences as a statement (maybe positive) and use them to mobilize locally and to keep them as open as possible

Alexandra Stricknet, IATP and ATTAC Austria

  • Used 3 slogans in the UK for Group of 20 (G20):
    • Secure and sustainable jobs
    • Global justice and equality
    • Climate justice
  • Should add in social dimension and democratic dimensions

Vittorio Cogliati Dezza, Legambiente, Italy

  • They have created a movement with 50 associations and are had a climate march on the 7th of June 2008.
  • Alternative Energy Politics meeting planned for Milan at the end of May
    • Focus on how to reduce CO2 and have a plan which will give leverage to then judge results of Copenhagen
    • Need measures dialogue with government about measures and if they do not do them we can start to fight

John Sinha, Climate Camp UK/Global Campaign

  • CJ is not just a statement of words but we should say we are fully support of direct action
  • This is not the end of process but beginning of building a global movement

James George, envirobeat.com

  • The statement should be kept vague using slogans
    • ‘Don’t climate trade away our future’
    • ‘We need real climate solutions that work for everyone’
  • And others can then make more specific slogans

Tadzio Mueller, Germany

  • We need to learn from the alter-globalisation movement
  • We will not have Leninist unity on this and we should support diversity of tactics
  • Example of Gleneagles, to avoid situation where some protestors were ‘bad’ and others were supporting the UK Government
  • We need to avoid being split down the middle and agree on a common enemy

Ariel Salleh, Ecosocialist Net, Australia

  • Sustainability, justice and cultural autonomy are three main keys
  • Synergistic problem solving when we suggest tactics; we value the one that fits best inside these 3 points

Kinda Mohamadieh, Arab NGO Network for Development, Lebanon

  • Highlight Adapt Climate Alliance on human rights and climate issues from the Arab regions.
    • Create a position from oil producing countries
    • Would there be a focus towards these governments before Copenhagen?

Orin Langelle, Global Justice Ecology Project, USA

  • There should be a call for mobilization to Copenhagen to get people there and also to organize in their own countries
    • ‘A wake up call to the Earth’
    • Also support:
      • April 17 – Farmer’s movements
      • October 12 – IPO call for mobilization
    • Call the UNFCCC the World Carbon Trade Organisation

Eliot Whittington, Christian Aid, UK

  • Carbon emissions is not the focus of the CA campaign: they are looking to emphasize positive alternatives and solutions

Mariama Williams, IGTN

  • Global justice, trade justice, gender justice, labour rights, just jobs, IPs, and cultural autonomy
    • UNFCCC is penalising people most affected by climate change
    • Don’t just focus on carbon emissions, focus on affected people

Svend Robinson, SEIU Canada

  • Climate justice should be seen in a broader spectrum of rejecting the market system
  • Focus on the fundamental issue of redistribution of wealth and power
  • Clarity of global solidarity:
    • Increase in financing: redistribute wealth from rich to poor
    • Transfer technology: focus within TRIPS agreement
    • Gender issues must be front and center
    • Where are Indigenous People today at this meeting? Why aren’t they here?
    • Does not support direct action and diversity of tactics statement because it will alienate those very people we should be supporting

Gregorio Malavolti, Italy

  • Accept Diversity of Strategies
    • Not just against false solutions but also our solutions and must raise awareness of these issues and mobilize people before, during and after.

Oscar Reyes, Carbon Trade Watch/TNI

  • We need to identify diversity of tactics and support each other
  • Need for progressive engagement with the EU and other institutions such as aviation and shipping because the UNFCCC is a regime and we need to break down the parts

Maite Llanos, CSA, Latin America

  • UNFCCC is not enough and market solutions are not good
  • We should make a deadline in March for a new statement
  • On tactics: G8 in Evian was a good experience about respectful actions and we need to have that conversation before

Lory Obal, Alliance for Genuine Development, Philippines

  • We should remind those who have committed the injustices
  • How do we integrate issues of climate justice information into the lives of the poor
    • People at the Brussels level need to push
    • Make a call to national movements on climate justice

Stine Gry, Denmark

  • Add in agree to disagree on tactics for Copenhagen

Soumya Dutta, India

  • There needs to be something stating equality/equity between commons and peoples and this is more important than Copenhagen and should be recognised as a central point.
  • In justice we think of equality as a central point

Carolina Amaya, UNES, El Salvador

  • Suggestion for another adaptation fund for the ecological debt of the North

Roma, NFFPFW, India

  • Indigenous and communities have struggled already for nature, water, land but this is not recognized as climate justice
  • Linkages need to be done and this issue needs to be recognized
  • In 2004 WSF, 4,000 people (IPs) got together and when they went home the energy spread like fire and they took over their lands and struggled for lost political space
  • Climate justice is also a struggle for social and political justice, for securing livelihoods
  • Land issues, labour, community governance, ownership of resources and agrarian reform are central to CJ issues
  • A need to strategise on building up democratic spaces and plan, strategise about when we come together
  • We should go beyond Copenhagen

Maureen Santos, FASE, Brazil

  • Climate justice should be a central slogan and our homework at the Latin American level, the Brasilian level should be to inform/educate people about climate justice.
  • Use organization around trade to organize for Copenhagen
  • On a national level we need to demand the Government to push for climate justice in all international policy

Wanun Permpibul, Thai Working Group for Climate Justice, Thailand

  • Need for an additional fund for adaptation with direct access, not through the World Bank

Fiona Dear,Global Campaign on Climate Change, UK

  • Need for a united movement:
    • 12 December as the day of action
    • Call out to other countries for regional actions

Uli Brandt, Austria

  • G8 Summit in Rostock rebuilt the alter-globalisation movement in Germany because we agreed to disagree
  • Proposal for another discussion on tactics going further that agree to disagree

Phil Thornhill, Global Climate Campaign,UK

  • Need to make sure that other groups do not monopolise urgency of the situation because it should be made our central theme and we should use it

Anne Petterman, US

  • IPs and land rights should be central especially the fight against REDD should be central in the statement

Jose (Spain or Brazil)

  • Riot is not direct action
    • Smashing windows is a riot
    • Direct action it to take work in our hands and not refer to the government

Susan Cruz, Ibon Foundation, Philippines

  • This is a forum for us to have common action
    • We do not want a division
    • We do want to support others but also have out our action
    • Copenhagen is one where we can have common actions
    • We should coordinate common actions
    • Climate change will not end in Copenhagen

Joshua Muldavin, Action 2030 Institute

  • There are many voices that are not here, especially from China and if there are things that we can do to help we can

Lory Obal, Alliance for Genuine Democracy, Philippines

  • Is there a possibility for IPOs to gather worldwide together before Copenhagen?
  • IPOs are at a parallel meeting right now

Ashok Chowdury, NFFPFW, India

  • National or regional cooperating before Copenhagen should focus on countries in the South
  • Take a notice that this process seems very northern led
  • IPOs and southern countries are central to this process

Next meeting: Tomorrow morning 9-12. tent 17, multiuso 2, UFRA

Facilitation Team: Tom, Osver, Phil, Maureen, Fabrina and Stine

Drafting Team for Statement: Tadzio Muller and Nicola Bullard

CJN! Poznan statement

RADICAL NEW AGENDA NEEDED TO ACHIEVE CLIMATE JUSTICE

Poznan statement from the Climate Justice Now! alliance

12 December 2008

Members of Climate Justice Now! – a worldwide alliance of more than 160 organisations — have been in Poznan for the past two weeks closely following developments in the UN climate negotiations.

This statement is our assessment of the Conference of Parties (COP) 14, and articulates our principles for achieving climate justice.

THE URGENCY OF CLIMATE JUSTICE

We will not be able to stop climate change if we don’t change the neo-liberal and corporate-based economy which stops us from achieving sustainable societies. Corporate globalisation must be stopped.

The historical responsibility for the vast majority of greenhouse gas emissions lies with the industrialised countries of the North. Even though the primary responsibility of the North to reduce emissions has been recognised in the Convention, their production and consumption habits continue to threaten the survival of humanity and biodiversity. It is imperative that the North urgently shifts to a low carbon economy. At the same time in order to avoid the damaging carbon intensive model of industrialisation, the South is entitled to resources and technology to make this transition.

We believe that any ´shared vision´ on addressing the climate crisis must start with climate justice and with a radical re-thinking of the dominant development model.

Indigenous Peoples, peasant communities, fisherfolk, and especially women in these communities, have been living harmoniously and sustainably with the Earth for millennia. They are not only the most affected by climate change, but also its false solutions, such as agrofuels, mega-dams, genetic modification, tree plantations and carbon offset schemes. Instead of market led schemes, their sustainable practices should be seen as offering the real solutions to climate change.

UNFCCC IN CRISIS

Governments and international institutions have to recognise that the Kyoto mechanisms have failed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

The principles of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) – common but differentiated responsibilities, inter-generational equity, and polluter pays — have been undermined in favour of market mechanisms. The three main pillars of the Kyoto agreement –the clean development mechanism, joint implementation and emissions trading schemes — have been completely ineffective in reducing emissions, yet they continue to be at the center of the negotiations.

Kyoto is based on carbon-trading mechanisms which allow Northern countries to continue business as usual by paying for “clean development” projects in developing and transition countries. This is a scheme designed deliberately to allow polluters to avoid reducing emissions domestically. Clean development mechanism projects, which are supposed to support “sustainable development”, include infrastructure projects such as big dams and coal-fired power plants, and monoculture tree plantations. Not only do these projects fail to reduce carbon emissions, they accelerate the privatisation and corporate take-over of the natural world, at the expense of local communities and Indigenous Peoples.

Proposals on the table in Poznan are heading in the same direction.

In the current negotiations, industrialised countries continue to act on the basis of self-interest, using all their negotiating tactics to avoid their obligations to reduce carbon emissions, to finance adaptation and mitigation and transfer technology to the South.

In their pursuit of growth at any cost, many Southern governments at the talks are trading away the rights of their peoples and resources. We remind them that a climate agreement is not a trade agreement.

The main protagonists for climate stability – Indigenous Peoples, women, peasant and family farmers, fisherfolk, forest dependent communities, youth, and marginalised and affected communities in the global South and North, are systematically excluded. Despite repeated demands, Indigenous Peoples are not recognised as an official party to the negotiations. Neither are women’s voices and gender considerations recognised and included in the process.

At the same time, private investors are circling the talks like vultures, swooping in on every opportunity for creating new profits. Business and corporate lobbyists expanded their influence and monopolized conference space at Poznan. At least 1500 industry lobbyists were present either as NGOs or as members of government delegations.

The Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) scheme could create the climate regime’s largest ever loophole, giving Northern polluters yet another opportunity to buy their way out of emissions reductions. With no mention of biodiversity or Indigenous Peoples’ rights, this scheme might give a huge incentive for countries to sell off their forests, expel Indigenous and peasant communities, and transform forests into tree plantations under corporate-control. Plantations are not forests. Privatisation and dispossession through REDD or any other mechanisms must be stopped.

The World Bank is attempting to carve a niche in the international climate change regime. This is unacceptable as the Bank continues to fund polluting industries and drive deforestation by promoting industrial logging and agrofuels. The Bank’s recently launched Climate Investment Funds goes against government initiatives at the UN and promotes dirty industries such as coal, while forcing developing countries into the fundamentally unequal aid framework of donor and recipient. The World Bank Forest Carbon Partnership Facility aiming to finance REDD through a forest carbon mechanism serves the interest of private companies and opens the path for commodification of forests.

These developments are to be expected. Market ideology has totally infiltrated the climate talks, and the UNFCCC negotiations are now like trade fairs hawking investment opportunities.

THE REAL SOLUTIONS

Solutions to the climate crisis will not come from industrialised countries and big business. Effective and enduring solutions will come from those who have protected the environment – Indigenous Peoples, women, peasant and family farmers, fisherfolk, forest dependent communities, youth and marginalised and affected communities in the global South and North. These include:

  • Achieving low carbon economies, without resorting to offsetting and false solutions such as nuclear energy and “clean coal”, while protecting the rights of those affected by the transition, especially workers.
  • Keeping fossil fuels in the ground.
  • Implementing people’s food and energy sovereignty.
  • Guaranteeing community control of natural resources.
  • Re-localisation of production and consumption, prioritising local markets
  • Full recognition of Indigenous Peoples, peasant and local community rights,
  • Democratically controlled clean renewable energy.
  • Rights based resource conservation that enforces indigenous land rights and promotes peoples sovereignty and public ownership over energy, forests, seeds, land and water
  • Ending deforestation and its underlying causes.
  • Ending excessive consumption by elites in the North and in the South.
  • Massive investment in public transport
  • Ensuring gender justice by recognising existing gender injustices and involving women in decision making.
  • Cancelling illegitimate debts claimed by northern governments and IFIs. The illegitimacy of these debts is underscored by the much greater historical, social and ecological debts owed to people of the South.

We stand at the crossroads. We call for a radical change in direction to put climate justice and people’s rights at the centre of these negotiations.

In the lead-up to the 2009 COP 15 at Copenhagen and beyond, the Climate Justice Now! alliance will continue to monitor governments and to mobilise social forces from the south and the north to achieve climate justice.

For more information on CJN contact Nicola Bullard at n.bullard@focusweb.org or Juana Camacho at deuda@censat.org

Supported by:

Members of the CJN! alliance present in the COP14 Poznan

And internationally:

Alliance Sud, Switzerland

Aniban ng Manggagawa sa Agrikultura (AMA) – Union of Agricultural Workers, Philippines

ARCI, Italy

Asia Pacific Research Network

ATTAC, Austria

ATTAC, France

Campagna per la Riforma della Banca Mundial (CRBM), Italy

Campaign for Fresh Air and Clean Politics, USA

Carbon Trade Watch

Centre for Environmental Concerns, Philippines

COBAS, Italy

CORE, India

District Fisheries Organization, Sri Lanka

Eco Pax Mundi, Italy

ESK-Trade Union, Basque Country

FASE Solidarity and Education, Brazil

Focus on the Global South

Friends of the Earth International

Global Exchange, USA

Global Forest Coalition (International)

Global Justice Ecology Project, USA

Grupo de Reflexion Rural, Argentina

IBON Foundation

Indigenous Environment Network (International)

Institute for Training, Research and Technology Development, Vietnam

Jubilee South Asia/Pacific Movement on Debt and Development (JS APMDD)

Kalikasan People’s Network for the Environment, Philippines

Kalutara District Fisheries Solidarity, Sri Lanka

KlimaX, Denmark

Lagoon Fisheries Organization, Sri Lanka

La’o Hamutuk, Institute for Development Monitoring and Analysis, Timor-Leste

Legal Rights and Natural Resources Center-Kasama sa Kalikasan (Friends of the Earth), Philippines

Nadi, Indonesia

National Fisheries Solidarity Movement, Sri Lanka

Oil Watch, South America

Pakistan Fisherfolk Forum, Pakistan

Philippine Network of Climate Change, Philippines

Polonnaruwa Fisheries Solidarity, Sri Lanka

Prakashakti Foundation Pallugassegama, Sri Lanka

Prjawimukkthi Sansadaya, Sri Lanka

Puttalam District Fisheries Solidarity, Sri Lanka

Socialist Youth Front (SUF), Denmark

Solidaritas Perempuan, Indonesia

SOLJUSPAX, Philippines

Southern Fisheries Organisation, Sri Lanka

Sri Vimukthi Women’s Society, Sri Lanka

Sustainable Energy and Environment Network

Thai Working Group for Climate Justice, Thailand

Transnational Institute (TNI)

World Development Movement, UK

CJN! founding press release

PRESS RELEASE

14 December 2007

What’s missing from the climate talks? Justice!

BALI (INDONESIA), 14 December 2007 – Peoples from social organizations and movements from across the globe brought the fight for social, ecological and gender justice into the negotiating rooms and onto the streets during the UN climate summit in Bali. [1]

Inside and outside the convention centre, activists demanded alternative policies and practices that protect livelihoods and the environment.

In dozens of side events, reports, impromptu protests and press conferences, the false solutions to climate change – such as carbon offsetting, carbon trading for forests, agrofuels, trade liberalization and privatization pushed by governments, financial institutions and multinational corporations – have been exposed.

Affected communities, Indigenous Peoples, women and peasant farmers called for real solutions to the climate crisis, solutions which have failed to capture the attention of political leaders. These genuine solutions include:

•       reduced consumption.

•       huge financial transfers from North to South based on historical responsibility and ecological debt for adaptation and mitigation costs paid for by redirecting military budgets, innovative taxes and debt cancellation.

•       leaving fossil fuels in the ground and investing in appropriate energy-efficiency and safe, clean and community-led renewable energy.

•       rights based resource conservation that enforces Indigenous land rights and promotes peoples’ sovereignty over energy, forests, land and water.

•       sustainable family farming and peoples’ food sovereignty.

Inside the negotiations, the rich industrialized countries have put unjustifiable pressure on Southern governments to commit to emissions’ reductions. At the same time, they have refused to live up to their own legal and moral obligations to radically cut emissions and support developing countries’ efforts to reduce emissions and adapt to climate impacts. Once again, the majority world is being forced to pay for the excesses of the minority.

Compared to the outcomes of the official negotiations, the major success of Bali is the momentum that has been built towards creating a diverse, global movement for climate justice.

We will take our struggle forward not just in the talks, but on the ground and in the streets – Climate Justice Now!

Notes

[1] Many social movements and groups that came together in Bali have agreed to establish a coalition called Climate Justice Now! in order to enhance exchange of information and cooperation among themselves and with other groups with the aim of intensifying actions to prevent and respond to climate change. Justice must be at the heart of tackling climate change, and must in no way be sacrificed.

Members of this coalition include: Carbon Trade Watch, Transnational Institute; Center for Environmental Concerns; Focus on the Global South; Freedom from Debt Coalition, Philippines; Friends of the Earth International; Gendercc –  Women for Climate Justice, Global Forest Coalition; Global Justice Ecology Project; International Forum on Globalization; Kalikasan-Peoples Network for the Environment (Kalikasan-PNE); La Via Campesina; Members of the Durban Group for Climate Justice; Oilwatch; Pacific Indigenous Peoples Environment Coalition, Aotearoa/New Zealand; Sustainable Energy and Economy Network; The Indigenous Environmental Network; Third World Network; WALHI/ Friends of the Earth Indonesia; World Rainforest Movement